This month in Virginia, a federal judge ruled that Gavin Grimm, currently an 11th grader at a public high school in Gloucester County, Virginia, may no longer use the boys bathroom at the school. Grimm, who is a transgender male, had been using the boys bathroom since September 2014 with permission from the school principal. However, in December of that year, a group approached the school board with ambiguously-worded concerns of “privacy,” and last June, the battle of the bathroom went to federal court.
Grimm had used the boys restroom the previous school year without incident, and no students at Gloucester had ever complained about sharing the restroom with trans students. Nevertheless, under pressure from parents, in December of 2014 the school board adopted the policy that trans persons may not use the restroom that reflects their gender identity, and must use the bathroom that correlates to the individual’s sex organs. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed a lawsuit on behalf of Grimm, citing violations of civil rights, the 14th Amendment and Title IX, but now must appeal the judge’s ruling.
Jurisprudence and local rules around trans rights is in flux. Recent decisions and policies in California lie in sharp contrast to the Virginia ruling, including the 2013 ruling in Arcadia that Title IX protects transgender students from discrimination, and the more recent policy change in San Francisco’s Miraloma Elementary requiring gender-neutral bathrooms be available for all trans, intersex and gender nonconforming students. Indeed, generally on the West Coast, the laws lean towards affording and protecting the rights of people whose gender identity differs from their physical bodies. Recent policy changes, including the 2013 School Success and Opportunity Act, which requires that the state’s public schools allow trans students to use the bathrooms and play on the sports teams that correspond with their gender identities, could well set precedent for other states.
Even within these advancements, there are some differences. Trans rights groups have noted, for example, that requiring trans students to use separate facilities, distinct from their peers, further marginalizes and stigmatizes trans students. Indeed, according to trans rights activists, when a trans person must use a special trans-only bathroom, it “outs” them far more than simply allowing them to enter the restroom they self-designate a need for, and using an individual stall. In the case of Gavin Grimm, the Justice Department asserted, “Singling out transgender students and subjecting them to differential treatment can also make them more vulnerable to bullying and harassment, a problem that transgender students already face.” Furthermore, students who are not permitted to use the preferred bathroom might choose to avoid using the restroom at school altogether which can lead to a variety of ailments and illnesses linked with withholding waste. This is especially so for elementary age school children.
Not everyone believes that these concerns rise to the level of a civil rights issue. Lila Perry is a transgender girl in Missouri fighting for her right to use the girl’s bathroom at her school. Lila has identified and dressed as a girl since the age of thirteen. She was offered the use of a private gender neutral bathroom, but refused. Issues of her own personal safety in the girls locker room caused Lila to withdraw from physical education class. During a
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