A normal brain (left) and the boy missing a visual cortex (right) (Inaki-Carril Mundinano,Juan Chen,Mitchell de Souza,Marc G. Sarossy,Marc F. Joanisse,Melvyn A. Goodale,James A. Bourne)

When young people learn about their five senses, they learn the basics: which parts of their body allow them to see, smell, taste, hear and touch. But sight for one Australian seven-year-old is much more complicated. A recent case study shows that he is the first known person to be able to see despite damage to the “seeing” part of his brain.

Not only can the boy, known as B.I., see, he can see better than many people with normal brains. He’s simply a bit near-sighted.

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https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2017/02/13/08/54/brain-2062057_960_720.jpg

[DIGEST: PBS, Science, Science, Science, JAlzheimer's, NeurobioAging, SciRep]

There are two types of memory: short term memory and long term memory, right?  Short term memory includes things like the phone call we just finished, what we had for breakfast, and who is picking up the kids today.  Long-term memory is the face of our best friend from third grade, whether we paid our taxes on time last year, or the names of the bones in the human body from high school biology class.

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