(Photo by Kevin C. Cox and Johannes Simon/Getty Images)

The acronym HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, while HPV stands for Human PapillomaVirus. We may not all know the exact words associated with each acronym, but most know the difference between the medical conditions associated with the two.

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BRISBANE, AUSTRALIA ? OCTOBER 7: A file photo shows Professor Ian Frazer at work in a bio medical laboratory at the Princess Alexandra Hospital August 12, 2005 in Brisbane, Australia. A vaccine to prevent cervical cancer developed by Professor Frazer has been shown in trials on 12,000 women from 13 countries, to be 100 per cent effective in preventing the most common form of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is one of the few human cancers that is known to be directly caused by a viral infection, with more than 500,000 cases being diagnosed annually killing an estimated 275,000 women around the world every year. (Photo by Jonathan Wood/Getty Images)

Australia could become the first country to completely eliminate cervical cancer, according to an announcement made by the International Papillomavirus Society.

HPV (human papillomavirus) is a sexually transmitted infection that causes 99.9% of cervical cancers. In the world of infectious diseases and sexually transmitted diseases, HPV poses a tremendous global risk. The sexually communicable virus is also linked to increases risks for other various forms of cancer, including the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, mouth and throat.

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