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Born Feb. 4, 1913, Rosa Parks is remembered every year on her birthday for her incredible efforts in the Civil Rights Movement. Just days after her death on Oct. 24, 2005, city officials in Montgomery, AL, and Detroit, MI, declared that the front seats of all city buses would sport a black ribbon to memorialize Parks.

Rosa Parks became a household name during the Montgomery Bus Boycott of the 1950s, but the civil rights activist actually first made headlines 10 years prior with the case of Recy Taylor. Taylor, a black woman on her way home from church on Sept. 3, 1944, was gang-raped by seven armed men. Taylor’s suffering caught the attention of a secretary in Alabama, one who would later go on to pioneer the “freedom movement.”

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