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“Monkey See, Monkey Sue” The Judge’s Ruling — Can Monkeys Hold Copyrights?

[DIGEST: NPR, Ars Technica]

In 2011, a troop of macaque monkeys snatched David Slater’s camera. Slater, a British nature photographer, traveled to Indonesia to snap photos of the endangered species, in the hopes of raising both awareness of the monkeys’ plight, and some income for himself. One of the simian selfies, taken by a monkey named Naruto, went viral. However, instead of Naruto joining the ranks of internet mascots Grumpy Cat and Biddy the Hedgehog, the photo sparked a lawsuit. That lawsuit reached a tentative resolution earlier this month.

Second Nexus
Selfie taken by a female Celebes crested macaque in Indonesia after picking up photographer David Slater’s camera. Credit: Source.

The case began in September 2015, when the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) filed a federal lawsuit claiming that the monkey owned the copyright over the photograph, not Slater. As a result, PETA argued, Slater owed Naruto damages for copyright infringement, having published the photograph on his website. PETA further sought an order allowing it to administer and protect the monkey’s rights, including by making sure all damages and profits from the selfie be used “solely for the benefit of Naruto, his family and his community, including the preservation of their habitat.”

Slater, who owns the copyright in the U.K., says the selfie belongs to him. (Slater, moreover, believes the copyright should be honored worldwide, but that issue is not before the court in this case.)

Meanwhile, since the dispute began, the U.S. Copyright Office has taken the stance that the photograph belongs to the public. “The Office will not register works produced by nature, animals or plants,” said the office in a 1,222-page report discussing federal copyright law, specifically noting that a “photograph

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  • Ali Wilkinson is a lawyer and writer living in Portland, Oregon. Her writing has appeared in the Huffington Post, Elephant Journal and Scary Mommy, among others. She blogs at Run, Knit, Love.

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